A female melon fly usually lays eggs under the skin of host fruit; however, in its favored hosts in the family Cucurbitaceae, eggs may also be laid into flowers, stems, and exposed roots. The cycle is continuous. They have since become a major agricultural pest particularly of cantaloupes, cucumbers, and watermelons. Bactrocera cucurbitae, Melon Fly Host List, 2016 The berries, fruits, nuts or vegetables of the listed plant species are now considered host articles for melon fly. The melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett), is a perennial pest of cultivated and feral bitter melon, Momordica charantia L., and a wide variety of other cucurbitaceous crops (Harris and Lee, 1989).In the absence of vegetables, B. cucurbitae occasionally infests less preferred fruit hosts such as papaya, Carica papaya L. (Liquido, 1991). Oriental fruit fly, Dacus dorsalis Hendel, and melon fly, Dacus cucurbiatae Coquillett, population dynamics from 1987 to 1989 were determined from fruit collections and male trap captures in an agricultural area. Host & Distribution. endstream endobj 744 0 obj <>stream that melon fly had a defined behavior – Males & females “roost” on certain species of plants nearby or far away from crop hosts – We can take advantage of this by creating a system of trap plantings nearby crops • McQuate showed that Sudex and Castor oil plant were good “roosting” hosts Introduction Melon fly (Bactocera cucurbitae) is a fruit fly belonging to the family Tephritidae. H��W[o�J~���0� 9kv�,U���i{�H=�ߪ>�H|`IN���Lc �ENp������.?�&ߦk>,?��w�~-W���r�tȖ?���LM^�����п�e�&�?~���Wp�:? Although bait spray applications for suppression … Melon flies are strong fliers and remain active all year round on the host. Melon fly is also able to infest flowers, fleshy leaves and stems of some cucurbits, so for the following genera and species, those plant parts are also regulated: Benincasa hispida, Let us know if you liked the post. 7.3.11 Melon fly: Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) The melon fly is found in many parts of the Old World and has become established in Hawaii. Bactrocera cucurbitae infestation was documented in 24 plant taxa of four plant families (Caricaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Moraceae, and Solanaceae), with the following four new hosts identified: Ficus erecta Thunb., F. pumila L. (Moraceae), Solanum erianthum D. Don (Solanaceae), and Zehneria liukiuensis Jeffrey ex Walker (Cucurbitaceae). Within 2-4 days, they hatch into larvae, usually maggots, which are very active. When the ecological conditions are not favourable, the insects hide and huddle together under dried leaves of bushes, trees etc., or in shaded areas. .``H��ʸ�v� i.0��y2n�mV�:!��;�u�@���@���Am/�1���@ڀ�%@� �� Distribution: The melon fl y is native to Asia, but has spread to other parts of the world including Africa and the Pacifi c Islands. Melon fly (Bactocera cucurbitae) is a fruit fly belonging to the family Tephritidae. Infested flowers, stems or roots also become distorted and wilt in severe cases. Greenlife Crop Protection Africa. Scientific Name Common Name This insect pest is considered the most destructive pest of the melons and crops related to it because it causes serious damages. Out of the total number of host plant taxa covered by the 11 tephritid fruit fly species, 56% of the plant taxa are hosts of oriental fruit fly, 42% are hosts of Mediterranean fruit fly and 16% are hosts of melon fly… After sometimes, adults emerge from the pupae and find their way out of the soil. These maggots tunnel through the flesh of the fruit or any other plant part, where the eggs were laid. Pest Hotline: 1-800-491-1899. The melon fly is considered an important agri-cultural pest affecting a variety of cultivated fruit and vegetable plants. Use plant protection products safely. As the name implies, it oviposits mainly in fruits of the Cucurbitaceae (White and Elson-Harris, 1992). As Lhis charac­ We discuss our results in relation to the potential implementation of improved female monitoring and/or attract-and-kill strategies for melon flies in Hawaii. MELON FLY Identifiable Traits: Black spot at wing tips Black streak on wings Common at sea level to 1500-foot elevations Hosts Cucumber Gourds Guava Eggplant Melon Papaya Pepper Pumpkin Squash Tomato Melon Fly Behavior Melon fly adults spend considerable time on favored wild hosts and certain crop plants in and outside of crop fields. In the event of a Toxic or Transport Emergency, call our 24hr toll free number 0800720021 or 0800730030. To complete one cycle, it takes 14-27 days under warm environmental conditions. However, under cold conditions, a single cycle takes a longer period. Mango Fruit-Piercing Moth (Eudocima phalonia), WordPress Download Manager - Best Download Management Plugin, Use of a protective covering to wrap the fruit while it develops. A combination of b oth visual and olfactory stimuli was needed to elicit high levels of response compared to each stimulus offered alone. Preferred hosts include: cantaloupe, cowpea, cucumber, gourd, pumpkin, squash, string bean, tomato and watermelon. Hosts Melon fly is mainly a pest of cucurbits such … �p�T���l��z�'�p�� Bactrocera cucurbitae infests fruits and vegetables of a number of different plant species, with many host plants in the plant family Cucurbitaceae, but with additional hosts scattered across many other plant families. Melon flies were first introduced to the United States via Hawaii in 1895. The melon fly, by contrast, has a narrower host range that may lead to periods that hosts may be unavailable. In Asia, it is recorded from Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, China, Hong Kong, India, 740 0 obj <> endobj #�9q�1���'��O,���4�2�+�. Bactrocera cucurbitae infests fruits and vegetables of a number of different plant species, with many host plants in the plant family Cucurbitaceae, but with additional hosts … Previous confusion in botanical and entomological literature concerning the names of certain wild hosts of the melon fly, Dacus cucurbitae Coquillett, in Hawaii is discussed, and names currently accepted as correct are provided. The use of toxic protein bait sprays to suppress melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera: Tephritidae), populations typically involves application to vegetation bordering agricultural host areas where the adults seek shelter ("roost"). endstream endobj startxref Hosts (Back to Top) More than 125 species of plants, including cucurbits, tomatoes, and many other vegetables, have been recorded as hosts of the melon fly. The correct name for both wild and cultivated forms of … Other methods which can be used to manage this pest include; [ Placeholder content for popup link ] Young attacked fruits become distorted and eventually fall off while the mature fruits develop a water soaked appearance. hosts representing 63 plant families), and melon fly (136 hosts representing 30 plant families). The most commonly attacked crops are cantaloupe, cucumber, watermelon, melons, squash, and gourds. ֘ These include the following; This insect pest is distributed all over the world, in temperate, tropical and subtropical regions. Introduction. Abstract. While there, these maggots feed inside the fruit. 1. h�ܖmO�0ǿ�I{;��)��2�M^ �I�Y�Hm����o?�c�I)Mh�M�{�}����j-#����HX#Akp#��`$�`�j;���(�(0��S��f8�D���H+�3�$p!p���S2�$W�z�,���甜�V�n��J�,6u&fd�{q�ͫ'�����{�-�*PqD���� g�L�ɢ���i�W�I��p"�q�fM)FJ.�d���\&�uJ�>��T������=0�u�\k�ӧ�%��'l���� Pay attention to the risk indications and follow the safety precautions on the label. 0 The adults may be found among the foliage of any dense plant, sometimes away from the host crop. Damage to so many of our important crops would raise our produce prices. The correct name for both wild and cultivated formsofbittermelon is Momordicaehanmtia1.. Mostpreviousreferencesto Sicyossp. The melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera: Tephritidae), is a widespread, economically important tephritid fruit fly species. Populations reached a peak in the dry season, between July and September. Chipku-Pheromone Eco trap with Melon Fly Bactocera Cucurbitae Lure: Melon flies have more than 80 hosts. Earlier host listings for B. cucurbitae had included other Moraceae species, such as Ficus carica L.45,46 and F. chartacea,43,44 but we are unaware that the two Ficus species reported here as melon fly hosts have previously been listed as B. cucurbitae hosts outside of the Okinawa publications related to the melon fly eradication program. Melon flies have a wide range of hosts in the Cucurbitaceae family. certain wild hosts ofthe melon fly, Dacus cucurbitae Coquillett, in Hawaii is discussed, and names currently accepted as correct are provided. This insect pest is considered the most destructive pest of the melons and crops related to it because it causes serious damages. Melon flies have a wide range of hosts in the Cucurbitaceae family. This is a sticker, spreader and a penetrant and helps in improving the efficacy of the product. Application of bait spray to crop borders is a standard approach for suppression of melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera: Tephritidae) populations and may also be of value for suppression of oriental fruit fly, B. dorsalis (Hendel) populations. A leading agrochemicals, seeds and farm equipment’s company in Africa. the sterile and wild melon flies using monitoring traps baited with toxic cue-lure on Miyake Islands in August 1985. V��3 �H�Jx* �_�Q�뭆���̃{��}=?���V��}Akd�7�{���3v� �Bˁ�{�;�8�����I�w"��0�������?C�>L_��� _n� �? They are major pests of beans, bitter melon, wax gourd, cucumbers, edible gourds, eggplant, green beans, hyotan, luffa, melons, peppers, pumpkins, squashes, togan, tomatoes, watermelon, and zucchini. The incidence and host range of the melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae, was studied in the Morogoro Region of Central Tanzania between October 2004 and October 2006.Occurrence was limited to low to medium altitude locations. That’s the only way we can improve. The melon fly is commonly found in low areas in commercial and backyard vegetable gardens. The Mediterranean fruit fly (medfly) moved away from most of the lowlands when the oriental fruit fly arrived in 1945. Its abundance increases when the temperature fall below 32 degrees centigrade and the relative humidity ranges between 60-70%. It seems that its preferred host is the weedy bitter melon (Momordica charantia L.) (Harris and Lee, 1989). Frequently traps are … h�bbd``b`�$k@D�`��@D(�k"�A�{!"��ĭUL�L�@#E���?? Destroying the infested fruit (if it can’t be marketed) and disposing all the crop residues immediately after harvesting. %PDF-1.5 %���� doi: 10.1093/jee/61.1.339 NAPPO, 2010. Journal of Economic Entomology, 61(1), 339-340 pp. ... (melon fly hosts). Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata, Host List The berries, fruit, nuts and vegetables of the listed plant species are now considered host articles for C. capitata. [^K� Always read the label and product information before use. Melon Fly Bactrocera cucurbitae be extruded. endstream endobj 741 0 obj <>/Metadata 20 0 R/Pages 738 0 R/StructTreeRoot 33 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 742 0 obj <>/MediaBox[0 0 612 792]/Parent 738 0 R/Resources<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 743 0 obj <>stream The female lays eggs under the skin of the fruit of the host plant. ޖ�� It is mainly polyphagous, but oligopha-gous populations have been found in Thailand, Malaysia and France (Reunion Island, Indian Ocean) [25–28]. The maggots (larvae) are creamy-white, legless and attain a length of 10 mm. h�b```�Iv!ʰ !G�"����1 Many California crops would be threatened by the introduction of this pest including peaches, oranges, beans, tomatoes, and most plants in the cucumber family. More than 125 species of plants, including cucurbits, tomatoes, and many other vegetables, have been recorded as hosts of the melon fly. %%EOF Unless proven otherwise, all cultivars, varieties, and hybrids of the plant species listed herein are considered suitable hosts of C. capitata. An expert is needed to identify melon fly under a microscope so please report any suspect exotic fruit fly species. The chemicals used for melon fly control have been used as 1) toxicants in baits applied to refugia of the fruit flies and 2) sprays applied to the crop. These include the following; Watermelon; Cucumbers Melon fly larva have been recorded in over 100 different hosts worldwide. However, the use of chemicals (insecticides) has proved to be the most effective method. S. Nakagawa, G. J. Farias, T. Urago; Newly Recognized Hosts of the Oriental Fruit Fly, Melon Fly, and Mediterranean Fruit Fly1, Journal of Economic Entomology,