Encyclopedia.com. Years later, Virginia Woolf reminisced that Strachey, as the leader of the "Bloomsberries," tore down the barriers of sexual reticence that had plagued their parents' generation. The last release addressed new findings in the quarter … Lytton Strachey, whose iconoclastic reexaminations of historical figures forever changed the course of modern biographical writing, was born in London on March 1, 1880.He was educated in a series of private schools and attended University College, Liverpool, before entering Trinity College, Cambridge, in … Strachey ." Encyclopedia.com. Even though Lytton's family members on both sides were well-connected and prosperous, the large parental home in unfashionable Bayswater was "suffocating" to him. ." Strachey's intelligence, lanky frame, and high-pitched voice attracted the attention of his peers at Cambridge who elected him to the secret society of Apostles in 1902, joining classmates John Maynard Keynes and Leonard Woolf. the best literary biography to appear for many years. Lytton Strachey was an English writer in the interwar period. Strachey's book of polemical essays caused a popular sensation. He was a spoiled child, of frail health, and always withdrawn. NATIONALITY: Scottish However, the date of retrieval is often important. He also spent his Thursday evenings in the decade before World War I at the Gordon Square home of Virginia and Vanessa Stephen. Lytton Strachey as a biographer. ", The decline of Strachey's reputation came soon after his death. He began a new six-year phase of his life at Cambridge: the world suddenly opened up in 1899. Lytton Strachey saw in Moore's doctrines the importance of aesthetic experience and the gospel of personal friendship. At the time it was published Eminent Victorians was seen as a savage attack on the reputation of a number of English heroes. In his preface, Strachey enunciated the two fold principle of selection and scrutiny which was to mark all his work. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Lytton-Strachey, National Portrait Gallery - Biography of Lytton Strachey. NATIONALITY: French He had a "laughing admiration" for the satirists of the 18th century, like Voltaire (1694-1778). By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. BORN: 1795, Ecclefechan, Scotland Keynes, Virginia Wolf and the others who lived or met around the London Suburb of Bloomsbury. He managed to be a "conscientious objector" to the war. "Giles Lytton Strachey MAJOR W…, Gide, André His following works included Queen Victoria (1921), which was awarded the James Tait Black Memorial Prize, Elizabeth and Essex (1928), and Portraits in Miniature (1931). They not only talked about sex, but advocated a new style of love without jealousy or conventional restrictions as they engaged in homosexual and bisexual relationships. ytton Strachey (1880-1932) was an essayist and biographer, and a prominent member of London's culturally élite Bloomsbury Group. ." World Encyclopedia. ." English Literature, 20th cent. Holroyd relied upon and deferred to James Strachey in some of the authorial judgments. The subject here is best termed sacred biography, which most precisely designates the written accounts of lives of persons deem…, Galsworthy, John Before him, the biographer used to neglect like a hagiographer the darker side of their heroes because they generally used to idealize their heroes by representing them as angels of virtue. STRACHEY, LYTTON (1880–1932), English writer, member of the Bloomsbury Group. The Apostles were personally affected by the philosophy of G. E. Moore. With true friends he was quick of mind, caustic, and conspicuously, bitingly witty. Here, for example, Florence Nightingale appears as a "thin, angular woman" with a "haughty eye" and "acrid mouth," plagued by inner torments (173), and … Strachey first broached the taboo subject of sex by pointing at a stain on Vanessa's dress and asking, "Semen?" MAJOR WORKS: Giles Lytton Strachey was the eleventh of thirteen children born to Sir Richard Strachey, engineer and Indian colonial servant, and Jane Grant, essayist and suffragist. For primary education Strachey went to uncongenial upper-class boarding schools in Derbyshire and to Leamington College. Holroyd, Michael. . The themes, common to the four biographical sketches of the volume, were the sacred icons of Victorian sentiment: patriotic fervor and Christian messianic zeal, the ideal of the "public" school, and humanitarianism, as opposed to what Strachey thought were the perils of upper-class education, self-interested do-goodism, and, above all, the sins of Victorian imperialism. Strachey's satirical portraits of Victorian icons—Florence Nightingale, Matthew Arnold, General Gordon, and Cardinal Manning—rejected the lengthy panegyrics of the nineteenth century, and his use of Freudian analysis heralded the creation of the "psychobiography." The group expanded in number, and by the 1920s the fame of its individual members as writers, artists, and intellectuals sealed its reputation as a cultural circle. He had an air of sick, melancholic sadness; he sagged. Encyclopedia.com. Strachey's biographer, Stanford Patrick Rosenbaum argues: "Strachey's preface to Eminent Victorians (1918) is a manifesto of modern biography, with its insistence that truth could now be only fragmentary, and that human beings were more than symptoms of history. To the standard question; "If a German soldier tried to rape your sister, what would you do?" Lytton Strachey, Writer: Gloriana. Michael Holroyd is the author of acclaimed biographies of George Bernard Shaw, the painter Augustus John, Lytton Strachey, and Ellen Terry and Henry Irving, as well as two memoirs, Basil Street Blues and Mosaic.Knighted for his services to literature, he is the president emeritus of the Royal Society of Literature and the only nonfiction writer to have been awarded the David Cohen British Prize But human relationships were the nexus of life itself. The portrait of Strachey is a … Even so, he had an iron will and sat in cultural judgment of the world his parents inhabited: the Victorian era. The four objects of Strachey's satire were Cardinal H. E. Manning, formerly a prominent Anglican member of the Oxford Movement, converted to Catholicism in 1851; Florence Nightingale, the "Lady with the Lamp," a founder of nursing and active with the wounded in the Crimean War; Thomas Arnold of Rugby School; and General C. G. "Chinese" Gordon, the pious hero killed by Mahdi raiders in the siege of Khartoum in 1885. The conspiracy of public silence by which the Apostles, Bloomsbury Group, and other circles in England kept hidden from the world their sexual proclivities is yet to be studied. For at least some of this, we can thank the iconoclastic Lytton Strachey. London, 1971. Strachey has certainly revolutionized the art of writing a biography. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates. In 1903 fellow Apostle George Edward Moore published Principia Ethica, producing a profound effect on the aspiring intellectuals. Lucky Jim…, Lyttleton, Humphrey “Humph” (Richard Adeane), Lytell, Jimmy (originally, Sarrapede, James), Lytton, Edward George Earle Lytton Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Baron, Lytton, Edward Robert Bulwer-Lytton, earl of, Lytton, Victor Alexander George Robert Lytton, 2d earl of, https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/giles-lytton-strachey, https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/strachey-lytton, https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/strachey-giles-lytton. During World War I, Strachey was a conscientious objector, but his impact on the larger public would be felt most strongly in 1918 with the publication of his best-selling work, Eminent Victorians. DIED: 1995, London, England After Eminent Victorians (1918) and Queen Victoria (1921), he wrote Elizabeth and Essex (1928) and Portraits in Miniature (1931). Treating his subjects from a highly idiosyncratic point of view, he was fascinated by personality and motive and delighted in pricking the pretensions of the great and reducing them to somewhat less than life-size. BORN: 1869, Paris, France Adopting an irreverent attitude to the past and especially to the monumental life-and-letters volumes of Victorian biography, Strachey proposed to write lives … He was the eleventh of thirteen children of an upper-middle-class family. Strachey died of cancer on January 21, 1932, surrounded by his friends, at Ham Spray House, Hungerford. ed., 1 vol., 1995. Apostle George Edward Moore published Principia Ethica, producing a profound effect the... Of Bloomsbury in London on March 1, 1880 major book, Eminent Victorians was as! Thank the iconoclastic Lytton Strachey saw in Moore 's inherent puritanism often furiously in love with same! This quiz sorts out the truth about beloved authors and stories, old and new, Liverpool University College and. 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