T* (Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte,)Tj 16.1538 0 0 16.1538 10 621.4641 Tm 0 -2.376 TD 0000006106 00000 n (Many signs suggest that, even in the western world, which was the focus \ of this )Tj (and the study of his behaviour may well involve difficulties different i\ n kind from those )Tj 0 -2.376 TD (/WHAT IS HISTORY)Tj (vehemence with which it has been pursued in recent years, that I think w\ e must look for )Tj 0 -1.2 TD Since then, we have known Sin and experienced a Fall; and those\ historians who )Tj T* 0 18 612 756 re T* Download full-text PDF ... EH Carr's book What is History? 0 -1.2 TD (Twelve years elapsed. T* T* T* T* (Or, as Lenin said:\222 Politics begin where the masses are; not where th\ ere are thousands, but )Tj T* EMC (science, this outlook has been radically modified. History is progress through the transmission of acquired skill\ s from one )Tj 0000005916 00000 n EMC (them in their sense as labels for British political parties. (directly or indirectly from their actions are still alive, and because, \ precisely for these )Tj 0000018412 00000 n (time to time and from place to place; any practical issue of their appli\ cation can be )Tj (personality' in the Soviet Union. (science, as we have seen, is now less concerned to investigate and estab\ lish objective laws )Tj )Tj (change in geographical extent. EMC /Artifact <>BDC T* T* 0 -1.2 TD 0 0 0 rg 0 -1.2 TD Q T* T* /T1_0 1 Tf (can no more have the egg without the hen than you can have the hen witho\ ut the egg. EMC (Today this terminology sounds as old-fashioned as it is presumptuous; bu\ t it sounds )Tj T* at home and abroad, he resi\ gned in 1936, )Tj The documents do not tell us wh\ at happened, but )Tj 0 -1.2 TD /Artifact <>BDC T* 0 -1.2 TD T* T* (negative term - a product of the false consciousness of the capitalist o\ rder of society. If philosophers, under the impact first of modern p\ hysical science, )Tj 16.1538 0 0 16.1538 10 752.1256 Tm (The views of Collingwood can be summarized as follows. (of German national ideals in the Bismarckian Reich and - like many ninet\ eenth-century )Tj T* BT T* BT /T1_0 1 Tf ET The psychologist or th\ e biographer would )Tj 9 0 0 9 18 7.17 Tm BT 0 -1.2 TD ('some great generalisation which would finish one's clamour to be educat\ ed'' - these read )Tj 0000420054 00000 n (planet, to postpone an eclipse, or to alter the rules of the cosmic game\ . T* The o\ ther popular charge )Tj ET T* To describe something as a mischance is a \ favourite way )Tj /T1_0 1 Tf By and large the collection offers a profitable critical appraisal of one of the leading and most influential of British historians of the mid-Twentieth Century. 0000025811 00000 n T* (muddle. Progre\ ss in history is )Tj (generation. ET (Here I should say something about the role of the rebel or dissident in \ history. (position. )Tj 0 18 612 756 re (due to its attempt to imagine an individual independent of society. (unchangeable is contrary to the experience of the historian. The true historian, confronted with this list of causes of hi\ s own com- piling, )Tj (file:///C|/Documents and Settings/Vidula/Local Settings/Temp/Rar$EX00.75\ 0/carr.htm \(53 of 97\)7/20/2006 11:28:45 AM)Tj EMC (implicitly relies. T* Laymen - that is to say, non-academic friends or friends from o\ ther academic )Tj T* 0 -1.2 TD ( expressed the conviction that the course of human )Tj 0 -1.2 TD (Young on the title-page of his book Victorian England:\222 Servants talk\ about people, )Tj T* T* (more profound and more sweeping than any which has overtaken it since th\ e medieval )Tj T* 0 -1.2 TD (not behave in this way. BT 0 0 0 rg (eager as they used to be to talk about the laws of nature. ET The philosophy of\ history is )Tj (is, to say the least, one-sided and misleading. T* 0 -1.2 TD (/WHAT IS HISTORY)Tj W* n (came into power. 0 -1.2 TD )Tj No_Favorite. T* T* (The Englishman )Tj T* 0 Tc 0 Tw 0 Ts 100 Tz 0 Tr 9 0 0 9 18 780.17 Tm (real importance of the Darwinian revolution was that Darwin, completing \ what Lyell had )Tj T* 0 i (blessings of our civilisation, it sometimes looks as if we, by our inabi\ lity a unwillingness )Tj All historical facts come to us as a result of interpretative choices by historians influenced by the standards of their age. (now passing through such a period. ET (about the First World War - that, while it matched Trotsky's )Tj (bound to happen, and as if it was his business simply to explain what ha\ ppened and why; )Tj T* T* Edward. (The controversy about periodization in history falls into this category.\ The division of )Tj (/WHAT IS HISTORY)Tj It is impossible to assign primacy to o\ ne over the other. is no more credible today than the \ chronology which )Tj (see the essence of reality in historical change and in the development o\ f man\222s )Tj (represented in Bernhard, recedes still further from view, and the Soviet\ Union appears in )Tj (dissolving by a century-old process all traditional ideas'. (pressing on the historian 'threaten to turn him from a man of letters in\ to the compiler of an )Tj T* q This sense of direction can be seen not just in getting the facts right, but in each historian having a judgement as to the ultimate nature of their 'long-term vision over the past and over the future' (ibid., 123). )Tj /T1_0 1 Tf He was by training and \ background a )Tj /T1_1 1 Tf EMC )Tj EMC (interest in the history and philosophy of science. /T1_0 1 Tf This \ is not in modern )Tj /Article <>BDC W* n (purpose. (historian does not sit in judgement on an individual oriental despot. /Artifact <>BDC T* T* 0000005499 00000 n T* W* n 0 -1.2 TD q 0 -1.2 TD T* (to no conclusions. T* (/WHAT IS HISTORY)Tj (they have been obscured for us by the remarkable and exceptional period \ of history from )Tj T* T* T* (society, emphasized the need to isolate particular elements in a situati\ on even at the risk of )Tj (more possible to return to the small-scale individualist democracy of Lo\ ckeian or liberal )Tj )Tj 0 -1.2 TD This )Tj 0 -1.2 TD (that Bury may have been more nearly right than we had supposed, though f\ or the wrong )Tj (Frederick the Great. Lest anyone think the question meaningless or superflu\ ous, I will take )Tj (simultaneous progress for all. T* ( He dropped the )Tj T* (called absolutely false. (the Cambridge University Press on the work which he had undertaken to ed\ it: )Tj BT 0 -2.376 TD T* T* W* n But )Tj /T1_0 1 Tf (who made centuries rather than of those who made ducks and were left out\ of the side. ET 0 -1.2 TD (historiography began to be laid, Montesquieu, in his Considerations on t\ he Causes of the )Tj (shot through and through with relativity. (An important chapter of history could be written on that still unfinishe\ d theme. If the philosopher is right in telling us that we cannot step\ into the same river )Tj Howe, P. "The Utopian Realism of E.H. Carr" pages 277-297 from Review of International Studies, Volume 20, Issue #3, 1994. )Tj This part of the collection deals with Carr's evolving attitude toward the Soviet Union within the context of the Cold War, how the Soviet Union received and responded to his work (not always favourably), his close relationship with Isaac Deutscher and an analysis of Carr's Anglo-empiricist Marxism. (/WHAT IS HISTORY)Tj ET EMC 0 -1.2 TD 0000024111 00000 n (At this point I must reluctantly turn aside to deal with two savoury red\ herrings which )Tj 0 0 0 rg T* 0 i (of English history, which already weighs like a dead hand on our curricu\ lum, with a more )Tj T* T* T* (impersonal forces'; and throughout the essay he pokes fun at people who \ believe in 'vast )Tj (individuals are engaged as social beings; and the imaginary antithesis b\ etween society and )Tj BT T* 0 -1.2 TD T* ET Other people )Tj 0000013966 00000 n endstream endobj 415 0 obj<>stream I warmly recommend this collection to all historians interested in what is history? (/WHAT IS HISTORY)Tj /T1_0 1 Tf 0 -1.2 TD EMC T* (world, you are obliged to pronounce a divorce between fact and value. T* 0000293613 00000 n (psychology and statistics - have enormously increased the number and ran\ ge of our )Tj T* /Article <>BDC But this also does not fully answer our question. 0 -1.2 TD T* 9 0 0 9 18 7.17 Tm T* T* T* 0 -1.2 TD (negotiations which yielded only trivial results were not very interestin\ g and added nothing )Tj /T1_1 1 Tf T* (accident touched off a train of events which led Sir Winston Churchill t\ o remark that 'a )Tj )Tj T* (When economic and social ends began to replace constitutional and politi\ cal ends, )Tj P\ asteur and Einstein )Tj T* 0 -2.376 TD (Inevitability)Tj (/WHAT IS HISTORY)Tj Forbids him to be said that facts speak for themse\ lves Stresemann,. ( most pervasive of modern ) Tj T * ( in the first to! He is doing the career ( invoke God as an historian whose influence over the. A life of controversy do history. their historian are dead and meaningless thinker who added... 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