Liquefaction & Ports: Kobe Port and waterfront facilities in Kobe, Japan, suffered extensive damage due to liquefaction during the 1995 Kobe earthquake. 'Help me,' he shouted. There's still a skyline!" Ten spans of the Kobe Route elevated expressway were knocked over in three locations across Kobe and Nishinomiya, blocking a link that carried 40% of Osaka-Kobe road traffic. by Kurt Mundt Kobe, Japan January 31, 1995 (Originally written as a personal letter copied to friends, about 2 weeks after the Kobe Earthquake of Jan. 17, 1995.) Also referred to as the Great Hanshin earthquake, the Kobe earthquake stands second to the Great Kanto earthquake of 1923, wherein the death toll was somewhere around 140,000. 5 years ago (from the USGS) Kobe is located farther than many other cities in Japan from the dangerous intersection of three tectonic plates: the Pacific, Eurasian, and Philippine. Those that were not constructed to these standards suffered serious structural damage. CCTV footage from a convenience store during the Great Hanshin/Kobe earthquake, which measured 6.8m and killed 6,434 people. But increased use of other ports and round-the-clock repair work quickly returned trade to pre-disasters levels. Evidence from the Great Hanshin-Awaji (Kobe) Earthquake in 1995, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Great_Hanshin_earthquake&oldid=992706984, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of September 2020, Articles needing additional references from February 2015, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Internal link templates linking to redirects, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 18:08. "There may have been one or two that have been damaged. Second, Kobe lies in area that many Japanese thought was unlikely to be hit by a major earthquake and thus th residents there were not prepared for a major quake. The hypocentre of the quake was only 16km beneath the surface and 20km from the centre of Kobe, under the reclaimed Awaji island. Find the perfect kobe earthquake 1995 stock photo. The quake triggered approximately 300 fires,[3] which raged over large portions of the city. It measured 6.8 on the Moment magnitude scale (USGS), and Mj7.3 (adjusted from 7.2) on JMA magnitude scale. The central government became wary of the idea, on the grounds that it might end up approving "two systems in one country," and the plan was never realized.” [Ibid], “The reconstruction cost fell into the lap of the Murayama government, a coalition formed by the Liberal Democratic Party, the Social Democratic Party of Japan and New Party Sakigake (Pioneers). Kobe earthquake, Japan 5:46am 17th January 1995 Kobe-Osaka Fact file Physical Environment Population Wealth ( MEDC or LEDC) Housing and land values Industries Transport Port Kobe earthquake, Japan 5:46am 17th January 1995 Kobe-Osaka Fact file Physical Environment Population Wealth ( MEDC or LEDC) Housing and land values Industries Transport Port Look at the slides and the pictures on p70 … "7-2(2)The 1995 Southern Hyogo Prefecture Earthquake", CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of September 2020 (, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Japan remembers more than 6,400 victims of Kobe earthquake after 22 years", "A fault model of the 1995 Kobe earthquake derived from the GPS data on the Akashi Kaikyo Bridge and other datasets", Hunt for tsunami orphans hampered, unprecedented, "The Great Hanshin Earthquake: Lessons for Niigata", "Restoration from the earthquake disaster – City planning based on the lessons learned from the disaster", "Earthquake Readiness: From Underground Stores to Satellite Monitoring", Great Hanshin Earthquake and the destruction of the infrastructure, Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism, The Medical and Public Health Response to the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake in Japan: A Case Study in Disaster Planning, Are People Insured Against Natural Disasters? Kobe's port, which handles 12 percent of Japan's exports, sunk as much as 10 feet and was shut down except for emergency use; and the Hanshin Expressway, between Osaka and Kobe, shook, twisted sideways and collapsed on its side in five places, including one 550-yard section that killed 12 people in cars when it toppled over on its side. People's whose houses were designated as "partially damaged," however, received no such benefits. These people were also exempted from paying land taxes. Some neighborhoods were totally destroyed while others nearly were untouched. Good Websites and Sources: Kobe Earthquake Digital Material Collection lib.kobe-u.ac.jp ; Kobe Earthquake Site seismo.unr.edu ; Wikipedia Wikipedia ; Earthquake Image Archive geot.civil.metro-u.ac.jp ; Medical and Public Health Response to the Kobe Earthquake pdf file ippnw.org/MGS ; Insurance and the Kobe Earthquake pdf file u-tokyo.ac.jp/cemano/research ; Kobe Earthquake Restoration kkr.mlit.go.jp ; Book: After the Quake (Knopf, 2002) by Haruki Murakami is a collection of stories related to survivors of the Kobe earthquake in 1995. Debris fell on her and it was impossible to get her out." There were several reasons why the earthquake was so devastating. Then we noticed that all the furniture was in disarray.” After six hours they were freed by rescuers who chopped through the ceiling above them. When he was finally found, his body was already cold...Kazuhiro might have been hit in the head by the piano. [17], The sheer size of the earthquake caused a major decline in Japanese stock markets, with the Nikkei 225 index plunging by 1,025 points on the day following the quake. On January 17, 1995 the Kobe [Hyogo-ken Nanbu] earthquake of Mw 6.9 struck extremely urbanized area of Kobe and its vicinity claiming 5,502 lives, after 47 years of relative seismic quiescence in Japan. Japan is one of the most geologic ally active regions on Earth, a place where four major tectonic plate s—the Eurasian, Philippine, Pacific, and North American—meet and interact. No on-sight medical treatment was available. I kept holding her hand, and gradually it turned cold.". ), or Kobe earthquake, occurred on Tuesday, January 17, 1995, at 05:46 JST (January 16 at 20:46 UTC) in the southern part of Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan. The Kobe Luminarie is an event held for approximately two weeks every December. Phones in twisted and toppled phone booths continued to work. Decisions in Japan are usually made by consensus and many authorities in Kobe were reluctant to make decisions on their own when communications lines between the bureaucracies and ministries broke down. This kind of rigidity in our system is proved by this enormous tragedy. [5] Among major cities, Kobe, with its population of 1.5 million, was the closest to the epicenter and hit by the strongest tremors. Up to 6,434 people lost their lives; about 4,600 of them were from Kobe. [10] Like other earthquakes recorded in western Japan between 1891 and 1948, the 1995 earthquake had a strike-slip mechanism that accommodated east–west shortening of the Eurasian Plate due to its collision with the Philippine Sea Plate in central Honshu.[11]. It wasn't until July 29 that all four lanes were opened to traffic along one section. Salarymen walked past eight foot piles of rubble and thousands of homeless sleeping on tent cities. This triple junction is a junction of three compressive subduction zones. The national government changed its disaster response policies in the wake of the earthquake, and its response to the 2004 Chūetsu earthquake was significantly faster and more effective. Immediately after the Kobe earthquake of 1995, the Yamaguchi-gumi started a large-scale relief effort for the earthquake victims, helping with the distribution of food and supplies. The devastation caused by the Kobe Earthquake--5,500 fatalities and extensive property damage--has resulted in innovative approaches by Japanese … May 14, 2011], “The reconstruction committee held five meetings from February 16 to March 23, 1995, and drafted seven emergency proposals for reconstruction planning, housing construction, employment, economic measures and other issues. All the woman could find was her daughter's hand sticking out of the rubble. Component: 90 PGA (cm/s/s):-493.03 PGV (cm/s):- Add this to bin: Component: 0 PGA (cm/s/s):-499.49 PGV (cm/s):- Add this to bin: Component: Up PGA (cm/s/s): 363.56 PGV (cm/s):- Add this to bin An order to send in the military was not issued until nine hours after the quake and horrendous traffic jams delayed them an additional five hours. Full railway service was restored in Kobe less than four months after the earthquake, a month ahead of schedule. Kobe is located in the south east of Japan, near a destructive plate margin. Few fiber optic cameras were used to locate survivors in the rubble. Intro facts: Cause of the earthquake: The earthquake was caused by the Philippines Plate being subducted under the Eurasian Plate. The Great Hanshin earthquake, or Kobe earthquake, was an earthquake that occurred on Tuesday, January 17, 1995, at 05:46 JST in the southern part of Hyogo Prefecture, Japan. This was Japan's worst earthquake in the 20th century after the Great Kantō earthquake in 1923, which claimed more than 105,000 lives. At this plate margin, the Pacific plate is being pushed under the Eurasian plate, stresses build up and when they are released the Earth shakes. Zero Hours: Kobe (Great Hanshin) Earthquake. The epicenter of the earthquake was 40 miles away from Kobe in the Akashi Straight between Awaji Island and Honshu. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. First of all the earthquake was very shallow, which means it is more likely to cause extensive damage. 1995 Kobe earthquake, Japan The 1995 Great Hanshin Earthquake (M=6.9), commonly referred to as the Kobe earthquake, was one of the most devastating earthquakes ever to hit Japan; more than 5,500 were killed and over 26,000 injured. See more ideas about Earthquake, Kobe, Earthquake damage. p.153-156 • Risk Management Solutions, 2005, 1995 Kobe Earthquake 10- About 70,000 people were still in shelters, two months after the earthquake. Anumber of simultaneous post-earthquake fires occurred in the 1995 Great Hanshin earthquake. The Finance Ministry considered fiscal discipline of paramount importance, and this hampered efforts to secure financial resources for reconstruction.” [Ibid], “The cost for rebuilding social infrastructure was estimated at 10 trillion yen. Aerial view of a corner of Rokko Island. [16] Many surface highways were clogged for some time due to the collapse of higher-capacity elevated highways. Although the initial belief was construction had been negligent, it was later shown that most of the collapsed structures were constructed properly according to the building codes in force in the 1960s. In the morning of the 17 January 1995 at 5.46 (local time) a strong earthquake shattered the Japanese city of Kobe and despite many constructions and buildings were assumed earthquake-proof, more than 6.000 people were killed and more than 300.000 people lost their homes. '"[Source: Washington Post]. The January 17, 1995 Hyogoken-Nanbu earthquake of magnitude 7.2 in JMA scale (Mw = 6.9), which struck Kobe, Japan and its surrounding area was the most severe earthquake to affect that region this century. On the basis of the proposals, the government headquarters decided in the following month on a package of measures that included making Kobe Port fully functional again in two years. But for real reconstruction, a long-term process requiring a huge budget, the ministry tightened its purse strings. the network he worked for received a number of calls complaining that the reporter had "unduly invaded the survivor's privacy.” [Source: Washington Post], A columnist in a Korean newspaper wrote that the calm, orderly behavior of the Kobe victim just goes to show that the Japanese were "automatons." [Source: Washington Post], The Japanese media was not as intrusive as the Western media. The January 17, 1995 Hyogoken-Nanbu earthquake of magnitude 7.2 in JMA scale (Mw = 6.9), which struck Kobe, Japan and its surrounding area was the most severe earthquake to affect that region this century. Artificial islands, such as the modern Rokkō Island and especially Port Island in Kobe, suffered severe subsidence due to liquefaction. As bad as the earthquake was 99.9 percent of the people in the stricken area survived. no person will circulate to for vaccation and no possible have the skill to discover the money for something. 17 JANUARY 1995 Kobe Earthquake Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Kobe City: Official Kobe Tourism site feel-kobe.jp Hyogo Prefecture site hyogo-tourism.jp ; Map: Japan National Tourism Organization JNTO ;Official Kobe Tourism site feel-kobe.jp ; Links in this Website: VOLCANOS AND JAPAN Factsanddetails.com/Japan ; MAJOR VOLCANOS AND ERUPTIONS IN JAPAN Factsanddetails.com/Japan ; EARTHQUAKES AND JAPAN Factsanddetails.com/Japan ; EARTHQUAKES AND LIFE IN JAPAN Factsanddetails.com/Japan ; LARGE EARTHQUAKES IN JAPAN Factsanddetails.com/Japan ; KOBE EARTHQUAKE OF 1995 Factsanddetails.com/Japan ; LARGE EARTHQUAKES IN JAPAN IN THE 2000s Factsanddetails.com/Japan ; TSUNAMIS IN JAPAN Factsanddetails.com/Japan. 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