endstream endobj startxref h�b``�b``�g`e`����ˀ �@16� �j��y4�E�\�u��)����� nP�����%q�V b%��@&�ی]L|l��l�9�������c�a���ϑ��(��C���/��*�]\�ŸEYR�٣7oK�����s?K�; ��3p�ƀ ΃=Òz��K.#��Z� ��� � ��&� %%EOF What causes climate change? %PDF-1.6 %���� Between 1880 and 2015, average global surface temperatures rose … }H ���a ��}yX�1�@L��:#�8��F5��0�hDj��y ��9I�A0���V�I��P[S��Hj*œG��7�_���-\�O�� �&�I��孼�f����]:N�^Zv$�� 2 An Introduction to Climate Change The Earth’s average temperature has been i ncreasing since the Industrial Revolution. Climate change, whether driven by natural or human forcing, can lead to changes in the likelihood of the occurrence or strength of extreme weather and climate events or both. This is known as the “Greenhouse Effect”. Video Lecture Notes o The climate has changed many times in the long history of earth, but always in response to a global force. The climate change agenda has risen substantially in global and national importance and the topic has thus been given a dedicated chapter in this 2. nd. Corpus ID: 126744528. Climate Change and Agriculture imPACtS, ADAPtAtiOn AnD mitigAtiOn by Anita Wreford, Dominic moran and neil Adger Climate change is likely to have significant impacts on the agricultural sector to which farmers will have to adapt. Furthermore, there is a need to develop achievable goals for EBA and protected area expansion. In the first 11 months of 1998, there were major floods in China, Peru, and California, enormous damage from Hurricane Mitch in Central America, record-breaking heat waves in Texas, and extensive drought Planning for Climate Change: A strategic values-based The American pika, for example, is a small mammal that lives in cool mountainous areas in western North America—in fact, it can die when exposed to temperatures warmer than 78˚F.So as the mountain climate heats up, the pika climbs the slopes in search of cooler habitat. �!_�`��G�Y�-#�'�".\�b�H�Z��7�q_�{L}K�AB0]{�5Q� F�]�p���z�`�� b. The climate change resulting from human-caused emissions of carbon dioxide will persist for decades to millennia. unfccc climate change: impacts, vulnerabilities and adaptation in developing countries i. introduction 5 ii. Climate change, on the other hand, occurs because the amount of energy in the entire climate system is changed which affects each and every component in the system. Climate Change: Global Indicators, Socio-economic Implications and Mitigation. Agreement among experts 6. of continuing climate change. Introduction to climate change : lecture notes for meteorologists @inproceedings{Houghton2002IntroductionTC, title={Introduction to climate change : lecture notes for meteorologists}, author={D. Houghton}, year={2002} } As we explore how human activities impact the climate system --and how that in turn will impact human societies-- it is important for us to have a firm understanding of the basic processes and dynamics of the weather and climate continuum. For some topics, multimedia has also been provided to summarise issues, provide case studies, or cover topics which are more challenging to ... en.pdf IPCC. Climate Adaptation Notes works through a three-stage process, implemented through an independently managed and regulated Debt Capital Markets platform. Climate change has become one of the most significant challenges of the twenty-first century. climate change conditions. UK government action 9. ]��&���� \����ғ��>`'�#��ru���3 WPa�P;�~�Z�$���Ǿ�O�a��A���g��WeENha���5��I�/;�#p� ��y��_��ԕWYk�%e��df�6�M��RxGXc�8]���mE����&���E������! Climate has always changed, but . Both human-made and natural factors contribute to climate change: • Human causes. Future 145 0 obj <> endobj �`j�!��Cz�i�-���_���z�ZG��o�B�B�b�| F�΀�i�P �c��V���=&xH�l@*��Y@��u�.�m���Ƞϓ|���:��MU;���� �%m�@j����R�/J-�d�g�r���i�#��[m��Tj�X�X�9A���ՔcDal苘�����j��8䛩�b.��'����v ������/(*��!*ț�|�������:0�΂ Downscaled climate projections 2 demonstrate that the climate Environment notes cover ecology, bio- diversity, climate change and many latest environmental issues of international and national importance. Climate Change in a Nutshell: The Gathering Storm Outline of Opinions 1. H�\��n�0��. endstream endobj 150 0 obj <>stream predominant cause. References Climate change now There is clear evidence to show that climate change is happening.