Simply form a mound above the potato row. The following person has been designated to handle inquiries regarding non-discrimination policies: Sarah E. Harebo, Director of Equal Opportunity, 101 North Stevens Hall, University of Maine, Orono, ME  04469-5754, 207.581.1226, TTY 711 (Maine Relay System). Potatoes are traditionally grown from seed pieces. It is truly breathtaking. See more ideas about maine, potatoes, aroostook county. Of the 255 potato farmers in Maine, 90 percent of the state’s potato crop comes from Aroostook County. Of the two, late blight is the real threat. Colorado potato beetles and aphids are common potato insect pests. If larger seed is used, cut it into smaller pieces. Buying certified seed pieces assures varietal purity and a low level of diseases. Lime and manure may be worked into the soil the prior fall. You can put fertilizer in the planting furrow and cover it with an inch of soil before planting the seed piece. Most gardeners plant the whole seed, tubers that are less than two inches in diameter and planted whole. For more information about this event, click here. Our free planting guide calculates the best dates for sowing seeds indoors and outdoors, and for transplanting seedlings to the garden—all customized to your … Nowhere will you find higher quality Organic Certified Seed potatoes for planting in fields or gardens. Its high yields of large, white skin, white fleshed tubers grow well under harsh conditions. This variety is one of the top 10 potatoes grown in Maine and there is no question why. Another 45 percent is used for french fry processing, 20 percent for potato chips and 10 percent for the fresh market for home, restaurant and institutional raw potato use. Prepared by Steven B. Johnson, Ph.D., Extension Crops Specialist. Green sprouting will produce short stubby (less than 1 inch) sprouts that emerge quickly and set tubers early. Most grocery stores and farmers’ markets will have these seven basic types of county-grown Maine potatoes: Russet type potatoes have brown netted skin and white flesh. Store seed at 38 degrees F, and keep cool up to two weeks before planting. Each year in late summer Mark and Gloria Goughan open their... Information on Maine specialty food, farm stands, Christmas tree cutting, pick-your-own farms, farmer's markets and agricultural fairs. Maine Potatoes are Fresh, Sustainable, Delicious, and Nutritious! Potatoes have always been a popular crop in home gardens, especially since they can be stored for use during the long Maine winter. Planting Your Potatoes Seed potatoes are subject to decay when they are exposed to hot, dry Maine Potato Lady Potato and Garlic Fertilizer may be worked in 2 weeks prior to planting. Recent economic impact studies of the potato industry on Maine’s economy finds total sales in excess of $540,000,000 with total employment of 6,150 jobs and a total income greater than $233,500,000 annually. These soils respond well to irrigation. Green Mountain: While it was named after the mountains of Vermont, this is the potato that made the state of Maine famous. Potatoes grown in gardens with low fertility may need fertilizer. He said they want to continue raising good quality potatoes rather than increasing the quantity. Call 800.287.0274 (in Maine), or 207.581.3188, for information on publications and program offerings from University of Maine Cooperative Extension, or visit extension.umaine.edu. However, in the year 2000, Maine grew 63,000 acres of potatoes and nearly 90 percent of that was in Aroostook County. Yields vary, but most gardeners should expect between one and two pounds of potatoes per foot of row. In Mapleton, Maine, Darren Chandler is … The Maine Potato Blossom Festival is one of Maine’s best known agricultural festivals. Fields are covered with flowering potato plants on Sunday, July 19, 2020, near Fort Fairfield, Maine. Send queries to Gardening Questions, P.O. The state’s potatoes sold for about 40 cents per cwt., much lower than Maine’s 62 cents. We also grow many other great Organic Seed Potato varieties, some you may not have heard of! Planting Dates For Potatoes By Zone Lime will also raise the pH of soil. Soils with pH levels at 7.0 are considered “neutral.” Soil with a pH level higher than 7.0 is considered alkaline. In the North, you can plant your first crop of early maturing potatoes in April, usually six to eight weeks before the last frost. Planting calendars for places in Maine. ... Of course, Pennsylvania is a long way from Maine. The Queen Anne has a smooth, thin bright yellow skin that's resistant to bruising, and is oblong rather than round. Another option is broadcasting the fertilizer and mixing it into the soil. Cultivation during hilling controls weeds between the potato rows; hand pulling can eliminate the remaining weeds. Potatoes planted earlier in colder temperature soils may emerge a little earlier, but if they sit in cold, wet soil they’re susceptible to decay. Don’t use seed smaller that one inch in diameter. Commodity Planted All Purpose Acres Harvested Acres Yield Production Price per Unit Value of Production in Dollars; POTATOES: POTATOES: 52,000: 51,500: 325 CWT / ACRE Over time the potatoes grown have also shifted away from table stock and into specialty markets. Sweet potato slips should be planted in warm (65˚) soil as soon as possible after you receive your order. Potatoes grow best in areas with nutrient rich soil, ample rainfall or irrigation, along with warm days and cool nights. These are not true “seed,” but pieces of a potato tuber. Late blight from an infected garden can spread spores and affect commercial potato production miles away. Green Thumb Farms grows potatoes, as well as beans and corn on 2,500 acres. Kennebecs are superb boiled, mashed, fried, hashed or baked! It tends to encourage scab development. University of Maine, 5741 Libby Hall, Room 103, 4-H Camp & Learning Center at Bryant Pond, 4-H Camp & Learning Center at Greenland Point, 4-H Camp & Learning Centers at Tanglewood & Blueberry Cove, Insect Pests, Plant Diseases & Pesticide Safety, Affiliated Programs, Partners & Resources, Non-Discrimination Statement & Disability Resources, Register for Workshops, Classes, & Events. These soils respond well to irrigation. Nearly 25 percent of Maine’s potato production is for seed to supply the east coast. If the tops have not died, pull them off or cut them off at least seven days before harvest. But if you’re using a garden tiller, be careful you don’t damage potato roots and stolons. Potatoes do well across a wide range of pH, but prefer slightly acidic soils; a soil pH of 5.3 to 6.0 is typical for potato production. Maine: Vegetable Planting Calendar Planting vegetable seeds or transplants at the correct time is important for getting the most out of your garden. Potatoes can be planted earlier on lighter, better-drained soils as these soils dry out and warm up earlier. Farm fresh produce is the best tasting produce you will ever have. No responsibility is assumed for any problems associated with the use of products or services mentioned. Find more of our publications and books at extensionpubs.umext.maine.edu. If your area gets hotter than 95, plant your potatoes so they have long enough to mature before the heat hits. Either way, avoid direct contact with the seed piece. Light: Choose an area that receives 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight a day.Hours of sunlight do not need to be consecutive, but they must add up to at least 6 hours. Buy certified seed from a reputable seed seller. Plant 12-15” apart in rows 36” apart. They are probably treated to not sprout. If the seed is cut well before planting, store it at 50 to 55 degrees F and over 90 percent humidity. The lime needs to be mixed into the soil. If you do a good job controlling insects and diseases, you’ll improve potato yields, and also protect Maine’s commercial potato industry. Many farmers in the state grew potatoes in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Set plants out in the evening if the day is hot and sunny. The potato is northern Maine’s primary agricultural product and in the 1940s Maine’s potato production was tops in the nation. However, potatoes will grow in many types of soils. Maine is one of the top 5 potato-growing states in the country, and it's our biggest cash crop. Home gardeners should protect the growing potato plants with fungicides containing mancozeb, maneb or chlorothalonil. Ten pounds of seed will plant about 50 feet of row at eight-inch spacing and about 80 feet of row at 12-inch spacing. For other gardeners, especially those in the South, the planting dates are quite different. Temperatures have dropped, and there has frequently been a frost. The Maine Quality Trademark is your guarantee that the contents are only the highest quality. Potatoes are traditionally harvested at the end of the growing season. Replaced on most Maine farms in the 1940's by varieties that were easier to grow, "Mountains" are considered by many to be the most flavorful of all potatoes. Herbicides used in commercial potato production are not recommended for home gardens. Later in the season Houlton serves host to Potato Feast Days, an annual fair held each autumn. Potatoes and Maine have a long tradition together. It is even better if you pick it yourself you know exactly where it comes... Getting lost in a maze can be as much fun a family can have in a field of corn. PRESQUE ISLE, Maine (AP) — Potato farmers are worried about their crops as the northern part of the state experiences one of the driest summers on record. Potatoes do well at a pH near 6.0; they require calcium for adequate plant health and tuber-specific gravity. As this is not always available, a cool damp basement usual does fairly well, as long as the floor isn’t prone to wetness. In this video I share with you how easy it is for anyone to grow potatoes at home in containers. Home Garden Thyme Blog Themes Flowers > > > Veggies > > > > > > > > > > > > > Herbs Gardening Basics > Birds > Fiddleheads and Fairies About Us Contact Us How to Marinate Roasted Vegetables Types of Tomatoes. Up to three hillings may be needed to build a potato hill, depending on conditions. Oct 14, 2015 - The World of Maine Potatoes. You think of them as primarily for baking, but you can also enjoy them mashed or roasted. Bryan Bell, of Bell Brothers, has no plans to expand the farming operation. Potatoes need 15-20 weeks before they are ready to harvest, so you can calculate the last possible planting date if you know the typical temperatures in your area. U.S. potato utilization for chips and shoestring 2001-2019; U.S. potato utilization for frozen French fries 2001-2019; Potato production area distribution in Sweden 2015, by county The Southern Aroostook Agricultural Museum Potatoes will respond well to high-fertility gardens but can produce lots of leaves and tubers that don’t keep well if plants are over-fertilized. If your soil is more acidic than this, mixing in wood ash will help raise the pH and make your soil more alkaline. This will help the cut surfaces to heal. Maine Potato History In the 1700’s Irish farmers began planting potatoes in Maine’s rich soils. According to the US Department of Agriculture, there are approximately 25,000 varieties of tomatoes worldwide. Save the manure for other garden crops. Potatoes do best in fertile, well-drained soils. Seed spacing ranges from eight to 12 inches within the row and 30 to 36 inches between rows. However, potatoes will grow in many types of soils. All cut surfaces should be smooth. Handle potatoes like eggs — potatoes will bruise. This can be done on a floor indoors or out, as long as the temperature doesn’t drop below freezing. Nearly 25 percent of Maine’s potato production is for seed to supply the east coast. Less energy will be used to heal the cut surfaces, making more energy available for growth. Even a barn or garage in early spring will work well. The fertilizer can cause rapid seed piece decay. Once the plants are about six inches tall, they should be hilled. Round red potatoes … Maine has many acid soils. The dry weather in northern Maine also stretches into New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island, two potato-growing Canadian provinces. Store the harvested potatoes in a cool, moist, dark environment. Maine Garden Ideas. The University of Maine is an EEO/AA employer, and does not discriminate on the grounds of race, color, religion, sex, sexual orientation, transgender status, gender expression, national origin, citizenship status, age, disability, genetic information or veteran’s status in employment, education, and all other programs and activities. This will start the potato sprouting. It soon became evident that soil conditions, long warm days, and cool nights made it an excellent region for growing high quality potatoes. There are insecticides and fungicides that are approved for organic production. If seed pieces have sprouts over one inch long, keep them cool until planting time. Turn the potatoes over to encourage uniform sprouts. The University of Maine is an EEO/AA employer, and does not discriminate on the grounds of race, color, religion, sex, sexual orientation, transgender status, gender expression, national origin, citizenship status, age, disability, genetic information or veteran’s status in … With the significant contributions that the potato has made on our history and economic prosperity, is it any wonder that we still celebrate the potato each year with some of our best festivals? The healed seed pieces can then be held at low temperatures until planting. Soils that are poorly drained tend to produce poorly shaped potatoes and tuber rot. The measure of soil acidity is the pH. 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